My favorite three public courses in greater Philly are Lulu, Jeffersonville, and Glen Mills.
Lulu is semi private - Ross Design with some cool quirk (only Ross holes I’ve played with a punch bowl and volcano green)
Jeffersonville - Also a Ross that is a muni with great bones. Good value
Glen Mills - A Bobby Weed design that is usually is really good condition for a daily fee course.
Next tier for me would be Paxon Hollow and Cobbs Creek. Paxon is on the short side but has some cool holes & quirk to it. Cobbs has some good bones but conditions can be suspect at times. Pace of play at both is very hit or miss. Cobbs has some very cool history and potentially going under what would be a high profile restoration but news has been slow on that front so I’m hoping they don’t put that on ice. Info on the potential restoration / history of the course can be found at: www.friendsofcobbscreekgc.com. The fried egg did a podcast with two of the individuals that are the driving force behind the project if you’re interested.
Some folks like broad run; it usually in good condition. Not my favorite design & not really walkable.
A good value spot that is extremely walkable is turtle creek. The design is fairly simple, but they usually keep it in good condition and they have some really good walk rates especially twilight / weekday twilight. Also adjacent to the the course is range that has decent grass tee area which is rare for Philly public ranges and it’s usually in good shape too.
A little further out going south you have inniscrone which is an early Gil Hanse design; and little further south on rt 1 is wyncote which is a fun track usually in good condition.
I am fairly well versed in the private club scene in greater Philly area; and belong to a local club. Would be happy to discuss the local private scene & have you out to mine. Feel free to private message me if interested.
Good luck on the move; this is a great area for golf so you have that going for you already. Cheers