Conamara is a great track and would agree with @W1LDC4T that you should just play the A&B.
If you’re already gone out that far west, you should head to Clifden for a night or even just some grub. Almost everywhere has a great seafood and drink but would recommend “Darcy Twelve”. If you will be coming straight back from the golf though stop off in Donnelly’s of Bearna for some crab claws (they’re insane)
In terms of Galway GC v Galway Bay, the former is a renowned in Irish circles as a proper stern test. A lot of Provincial and National finals held there so it has pedigree while Galway Bay has some stunning views but also some gimmicky holes due to the fact it backs itself into some corners just by the way the routing is set out. That being said if you’re on a holiday, I’d pick Galway Bay for enjoyment as Galway itself can be a ballbuster.
Food and drink in the City is really whatever you’re in the mood for.
Going on the rip later: go to Handsome Burger on Dominick Street.
Having a tourist day: McDonaghs on Quay street for fish and chips
Something a bit more traditional Irish pub grub: Mcswiggans in Woodquay.
There’s any Gods amount of pubs but Tigh Neachtain, Tig Coili are great while Buskers, An Pucan and The Front Door are great when the night gets going. And don’t be put off by the Irish names just think of what it should sound like, deviate completely, give it a go and don’t hesitate because the locals will correct you with no offence taken.
Hope that helps!